​ToR: Research Assignment, Women’s Labour Rights in Serbia

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ToR: Research Assignment, Women’s Labour Rights in Serbia for the Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation, Western Balkan region

For the full ToR: please click here

About Kvinna till Kvinna

The Kvinna till Kvinna Foundation is a Swedish non-profit organisation that promotes women’s rights in over 20 conflict affected countries in the Middle East, Africa, Europe, and the South Caucasus. Kvinna till Kvinna does so by supporting more than 110 local partner organisations across the world


As part of a European Union (EU) funded Regional Programme (2018-2022), Kvinna till Kvinna is currently one of six implementing partners, civil society organisations (CSOs), on a regional programme focusing on women’s labour rights: Furthering Women’s Labour Rights. The project is led by Kosovo Women’s Network (KWN), a CSO in Prishtina that promotes the rights of women and girls throughout Kosovo. The purpose of the project is to contribute to processes of creating systemic changes in the region when it comes to improving hiring practices and mitigating discrimination pertaining to women’s labour. 

The partner organisations, as a coalition of leading women’s rights CSOs from the region, suggest that the implementation of anti-discrimination legislation remains weak throughout the region. Very few discrimination cases seem to be reported or addressed by courts. As a result, there is little existing or accessible case law related to discrimination. Based on our experience, a key reason for the absence of cases reported is minimal knowledge among relevant institutions regarding anti-discrimination legislation, its meaning and implementation. This includes key stakeholders (several of which are affiliated entities) that could otherwise support awareness-raising and use of antidiscrimination legislation, such as National Gender Equality Mechanisms (NGEMs), social partners (e.g., trade unions), labour inspectorates, state-run legal aid services, and CSOs. To holistically and adequately address gender-based discrimination in labour requires also addressing intersections between gender and other vulnerabilities (e.g., age, sexuality, ethnicity, ability). Persons suffering discrimination, particularly women at work or entering the labour market, but also persons with different abilities, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Trans, Queer, Intersex (LGBTQI+) persons, women from to ethnic minority groups, and other groups made marginalised will be final beneficiaries in that they will be more aware of their rights and have better procedures for reporting discrimination when it occurs. 

Research is necessary to implement strategic litigation and advocate for anti-discrimination legislation to be implemented. As such, during the first year of the regional programme, partner organisations created a baseline study to assess the situation more thoroughly in each Western Balkan country. In Serbia, research was conducted during 2018 using a mixed method for data collection, and the report Gender-Based Discrimination and Labour in Serbia was published in April 2019. Some key research findings indicated, among other things, that gender-based discrimination in relation to labour starts during the hiring process, as women encounter questions about their marital status and family planning more frequently than men. Research findings also indicated that in general, 47% of women and 28% of men respondents had experienced gender-based discrimination in their previous or current workplaces.  

About the assignment

A follow-up study, using much the same methodology for comparison purposes, should be conducted related to discrimination, focusing in particularly on gender-based discrimination affecting women’s labour rights in Serbia. This second research study will investigate the extent to which discrimination claims have been filed compared to the baseline study. Additionally, this study will gather information on how institutions are treating such cases. A country report should be developed for Serbia and then (not part of this assignment) combined into a larger, regional report with the total of six partner countries.


The focus of the country analysis is gender-based discrimination (as defined by Serbian law) that is related to labour rights. For a more detailed and thorough Methodology, please see the Methodology document annexed to the Terms of Reference document attached to this job posting.  

The aim of this research study is to build on, and continue from, the baseline study and to seek to address the following research questions and sub-questions as outlined in the Methodology annexed to the Terms of Reference document attached to this job posting. 

The assignment may include travel throughout Serbia, pending COVID-19 developments. 

More details on methodology will be presented in a meeting/training session (via Zoom or in person, pending COVID-19 developments) with a staff member of the project Lead Organisation KWN. Detailed planning and priorities of the assignment will be discussed with Kvinna till Kvinna.  

Cost frame

Consultant fees shall be specified as fees per day including taxes, social security contributions and VAT. The tender shall state total value of tender, including expenses such as travel, per diems, telephone, internet, postage and any other expenses related to the assignment. 

Please note that the maximum total value of the tender cannot exceed 5 000 EUR.  

Contracted consultant cannot further subcontract the assignment. In cases where the tender includes a team of consultants, their division of labour shall be presented. 

Required skills and qualifications

  • Extensive knowledge about Serbian national gender equality mechanisms, 
  • Knowledge about discrimination and labour law is considered an asset, 
  • Experience in collecting qualitative data through interview methods and analysing raw data, 
  • Knowledge about the Western Balkan countries’ EU accession processes, and about women’s right in these processes is considered an asset, 
  • Excellent writing skills in English. 

Required information in tender

  • CV (if applying in group, a CV of each consultant)
  • If a group of consultants – explicit information about which aspects of the assignment each person will be responsible for
  • Methods and procedures for implementation of the assignment
  • Timeframe of the assignment in accordance with the points specified in this ToR
  • Budget including VAT and all expenses (for up to 5 000 EUR)
  • Contact information

Deadline for submission of tender

Tender must be submitted to Kvinna till Kvinna with an accompanying CV and letter of intent no later than January 18, 2021. 

Tenders should be submitted to Kvinna till Kvinna by clicking on the “Apply for this job” button of this job posting. 

Or, know someone who would be a perfect fit? Let them know!


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